Children will be taught, depending on age and ability, to:

  • Discriminate between the separate sounds in words.
  • Sound and name the letters of the alphabet.
  • Recognise that the same sounds may have different spellings and that the same spelling may describe different sounds.
  • Orchestrate a full range of reading cues (phonic, graphic and contextual) in order to aid their reading and enable them to correct their own mistakes.
  • Recite stories and rhymes with predictable and repeating patterns.
  • Develop an interest in books, to read with enjoyment and to evaluate and justify their preferences.
  • Read a variety of poems and compare and contrast their preferences.
  • Re-enact stories in a variety of ways e.g. through role-play or using puppets.
  • Develop their powers of imagination, inventiveness and critical awareness through reading and writing.
  • Read non-fiction books and understand that the reader doesn’t need to go from the start to the finish, but simply select what is needed.
  • Use a dictionary and thesaurus to understand alphabetical organisation and to gain an increasingly wider vocabulary.
  • Have a suitable technical vocabulary through which to discuss their reading and writing.
  • Understand from an early age that much of their writing will be read by other people and therefore needs to be accurate, legible and set out in an appropriate way.
  • Hold a pencil correctly from the outset and to use correct letter formation.
  • Plan, draft, revise and edit their own writing.
  • Distinguish between and write in a range of genres.
  • Have a good understanding of basic grammar.